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Originalia

Der prognostische Wert von impliziten Motiven für die Talentdiagnostik im Schwimmsport

Die moderierende Rolle unbewusster Impulskontrolle

Published Online:https://doi.org/10.1026/1612-5010/a000136

Bei der Entwicklung junger Talente im Leistungssport stellt sich regelmäßig die Frage nach verbesserten Auswahlkriterien. Im Rahmen der Talentdiagnostik im Leistungssport gelten implizite Motive als vielversprechende Prädiktoren für langfristige Leistungen. Ein Faktor der bisher im Sportkontext nicht berücksichtigt wurde, ist die unbewusste Impulskontrolle, ein Kennwert, der Aufschluss darüber gibt, inwieweit ein Motiv handlungswirksam wird. In der vorliegenden Studie wurde anhand einer Stichprobe von jungen Sportlerinnen und Sportlern der Einfluss der impliziten Motive Leistung und Affiliation in Interaktion mit motivspezifischer Impulskontrolle auf objektive und subjektive Leistungskriterien untersucht. Es wird aufgezeigt, dass bei der Vorhersage der objektiven Leistung ein hohes Leistungsmotiv nur dann einen positiven Effekt besitzt, wenn es nicht durch die Impulskontrolle inhibiert wird. Bei der Vorhersage der subjektiven Leistungskriterien zeigt sich, dass die Inhibition des Anschlussmotivs zu einer besseren Fremdeinschätzung führt. Die Resultate sprechen dafür, neben impliziten Motiven auch deren Zusammenwirken mit Impulskontrolle als Prädiktoren für sportliche Leistung zu analysieren.


The Prognostic Value of Implicit Motives for the Talent Diagnostics in Swimming: The Moderating Role of Activity Inhibition

Within competitive sports the question of improved selection criteria is frequently raised. Implicit motives are considered as promising predictors of sport performance. One aspect that has not been considered in previous sport-related research is the role of activity inhibition, a characteristic that gives information about the extent to which a subject inhibits motive specific actions. The present study examined the influence of the implicit achievement and affiliation motive in interaction with motive-specific activity inhibition on objective and subjective performance criteria in a sample of young athletes. It was shown that a high achievement motive only predicted good performance in combination with low activity inhibition. Additionally, it was shown that the affiliation motive predicted a better evaluation by the coach when it was combined with high activity inhibition. The results suggest that in addition to analyzing implicit motives their interaction with impulse control as predictors of athletic performance should be considered.

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