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Ontologies About Human Behavior

A Review of Knowledge Modeling Systems

Published Online:https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040/a000295

Abstract. The development of information and communication technologies has stimulated a variety of data and informational resources about human behavior. This is contributing toward collaborative efforts in the formalization and systematization of an overwhelming volume of scientific information. Several tools are helpful for this endeavor, among which the ontology is growing in popularity. Most of the available informational resources adopt the ontology to organize a shared conceptualization of a given body of knowledge. In the present study, we reviewed ontology resources (n = 17) that can be of interest to researchers and scholars involved in human behavior and psychological research. The selected ontologies were contrasted on the three main components of ontologies, classes, individuals, and properties, and on scheme and knowledge metrics. Moreover, we recorded the associations of the terms within a given ontology with terms of other ontologies (mappings), the number of projects using a particular ontology, and whether an ontology was available within the Bioportal, an extensive repository about biomedical ontologies. A few working examples were also provided to clarify how these resources might contribute to improve the analysis, understanding, and research cooperation about human behavior and psychological research.

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